UNEB Officials Decry Social Media “Fake News”


Davidson Ndyabahika


Prof. Mary Okwakol, the UNEB board executive chairperson has said that before PLE examinations were conducted on November 2nd and 3rd last year, social media circulated a fake Mathematics paper which trapped students, and teachers leading to failure of pupils in the schools that relied on the paper.

The Uganda National Examinations Board (UNEB) officials have decried the rate at which social media has been used to circulate false information purportedly originating from UNEB.

Speaking at the release of the 2016 Primary Leaving Examination (PLE) results recently at the president’s office conference room, Prof. Mary Okwakol, the UNEB board executive chairperson said there is a lot of misinformation that has been going around attributed to UNEB.

Prof. Okwakol said that before the Christmas break, social media carried a story attributed to the UNEB Public Relations Officer to the effect that the Board had changed the UCE grading which caused a lot of public concern.

She said that before PLE examinations were conducted on November 2nd and 3rd last year, social media circulated a fake Mathematics paper which trapped students, and teachers leading to failure of pupils in the schools that relied on the paper.

“Las week the platform carried another story attributing it to the UNEB executive secretary setting the dates for releasing the PLE and UCE and when the results were not released on the dates they had  circulated, another rumor camesaying that UNEB is not releasing results because changes are being made,” Prof. Okwakol before she added that;

“UNEB has not changed results since the marking was completed. This has also caused confusion and you will hear a lot more but as I said please take the steps to find the truth.”

Prof. Okwakol noted that the examinations board has received information that there are some individuals who are soliciting money from different schools throughout the country through social media.
She warned the public not to be caught off guard and asked that they should only go to UNEB to find out the truth and the authenticity of such information. She has further warned the public to disregard future information through such platforms.

The sensational form that fake news takes makes it appealing. Research has shown that people respond more to fake news than accurate accounts of events.

Recently, social media carried fake reports that the Uganda Advanced Certificate Education results were to be released this week.

However, information from officials at UNEB is that the officials will brief the Minister of Education and Sports on UACE 2016 results on Monday 20th February,2017,11am at Nakasero. The official UACE release will be on Tuesday 21stFebruary,2017 at 11am at Office of the President.


Why new secondary curriculum should be rejected


curr (731 x 509)Recently, the newly drafted secondary curriculum was suspended by the minister of ministry of education owing to the fact that many people did not understand it.

Over the past 30 years, the Uganda’s lower secondary Curriculum has been changed by adding content which is insufficient and could hardly solve the current challenges in the country.

As the presidential election 2016 campaign gained tempo, Monitor Publications Ltd invited Ugandans to tell readers what they would do in the first 100 days, if they were to be elected president.

My opinion came in form a presidential speech, marking the 100th day in office and among the key achievements was the suspension and eventual rejection of the new secondary school curriculum. And this last week, Parliament did Ugandans proud by suspending the implementation of the curriculum.
Kasana-School (1)

As rightly argued, one of the biggest flaws of this new curriculum was the amorphous generic nomenclature of the subjects, notably the natural sciences. That Biology, Chemistry, Physics, would no longer be studied and referred to by their specific appellation but rather the amorphous name: ‘Science Learning’ area.

True, where as we appreciate we are in the era of ‘dilution’ where everything has become casual, but we need limits to this.The curriculum has a million flaws, including producing Ugandan scientists who would belong ‘everywhere and nowhere’ in the world of science and technology. Therefore this means that the re-conceptualized curriculum could still not provide solutions to the current unemployment challenges in the country.

Scientific studies and advancements are so specific that virtually what would otherwise be components or modules of larger field, become specializations, especially at post-graduate levels. In applied technology, this is what drives innovations and inventions, as we witness in molecular biology, nuclear physics, organic chemistry, Nano technology, and the entire spectrum of technological advancement.

Where would Ugandans of the ‘Science Learning’ area fit in here? Thus, any undertaking requiring specialised knowledge in Uganda would depend on foreign expertise, even for the mundane duties.

The new curriculum was to affect local public and the majority of local private schools, the effect would be a few Ugandans enrolling their children in international schools and local private schools offering foreign curricula, entrenching inequalities through education.!

We need to root total rejection or else, what will happen to those students who will be ‘guinea-pigged’ when the whole thing is rejected? We are currently witnessing demonstrations by students at Makerere University, protesting the scrapping of courses in which they are soon graduating with degrees. It is no nice an idea for one to hold a degree in a course that was scrapped!
Once the suspension of this new curriculum, we must have a protracted rethinking and refocusing of our entire education system. Since many hold that the future of Uganda is in industrialization, and so if we envisage Uganda being a South Korea 30 years from today, what type of education will give us the skill-mix that we will need?

And we cannot delegate the answers to these questions to someone else, as we are wont to do, only to turn around and blame ‘colonial education’. It was designed to serve the needs of those who designed it. The onus now is upon us to design the education that serves our present interests, and positions Uganda to claim her place among nations, today and forever.
For starters, let us merge Business, Technical and Vocational Education and Training with National Youth Service, to be implemented at two key levels, namely lower post-primary and high school. All we need is re-allocating resources scattered in several ‘youth programs’.
MrMatsiko is a management and development consultant. bukanga@yahoo.comsupplies

Online Defiance: How Digital revolution is improving Journalism and Communication


maxresdefaultMedia industry publications and critics often mention a media shift from traditional outlets, like newspapers and magazines, to digital news sources. Going a step beyond simply being online, media organizations have begun to consider how news organizations use social media tools to keep their audiences and, most importantly, to keep bringing in funds to support themselves. Myriad opinions and ideas on the topic exist on social media’s presence in the journalism world; the volume of information can seem overwhelming.

One cannot talk about digital revolution minus talking about the internet and social media. The Internet is creating big changes in the field of journalism. Hoping to appeal to a youthful public which is fast abandoning the printed word, the world’s leading newspapers are creating a presence for themselves on the Net, and making imaginative efforts to transform the whole business of providing news and information. In these still uncharted waters, the least that can be said is that the new “reader” will have access to unlimited information.

For journalists as much as anybody, the Internet represents a challenge. The development of new communications networks is profoundly transforming the gathering, production and distribution of information. In fact, the digital revolution has already made the world a different place. But paradoxically, although we are at a historic turning point, we are not yet in a position to be able to predict the outcome. Worse still, all over the world business interests, professionals and educationalists are embarking on future- oriented strategies whose assumptions have perhaps not been sufficiently tested. In journalism itself we are heading for a revolution in our daily practice, but we are wholly unprepared in the sense of any common analysis.

“Social media is a term used to describe the type of media that is based on conversation and interaction between people online. Social media are media designed to be disseminated through social interaction, using highly accessible and scalable publishing techniques.” – Wikipedia

For almost two decades, the web has changed the world and revolutionized how information is stored, published, searched and consumed. The ripple effect has spread so wide that it impacts not just businesses and industries but crosses over into politics, medicine, media and breaches geographical locations, cultural boundaries and ultimately, affects people’s day to day lives. The great wave of web innovation since Google in 1998 has been in social media. Social media is about networking and communicating through text, video, blogs, and pictures, status updates on sites such as Facebook, MySpace, LinkedIn or microblogs such as Twitter.

This essay seeks to examine the changing (and challenged) economics of print and television national news publishing in Uganda—and in particular, the likely commercial and civic impacts of the changing business of professional journalism. In markets across the globe and Uganda in Particular, news publishers are facing a structural shift in the economic foundations of their industry, as well as a cyclical challenge associated with the global economic slowdown.

The media landscape is becoming more chaotic and fragmented due to the confluence of demographic changes and technological advances. The underlying shift is from push to pull; from the generic push of mass media to the customized pull of new media such as blogs, social networks and virtual worlds. Powering this shift is a process we term the digital revolution; a revolution in the reach and speed of telecommunications networks; in the processing and storage capabilities of computing; and in the sophistication of software applications, notably on the web.

For many years in the past century, the news was effectively funneled from professional ‘producers’ to passive ‘consumers’, via the scarcity of print and the broadcast spectrum, and typically with some degree of subsidization from advertising. Barriers to entry remained high, due to the physical costs. That economic model is fundamentally challenged by the interactivity of the World Wide Web, and the plummeting cost of software and computer hardware. As an open network, the web has provided the basis for a radically different media ecology, in which the audience is no longer a passive recipient of the news but rather an active participant in its creation, verification and distribution. Reduced to the simplicity of binary code, the news can now be accessed, shared and combined in ways that were unimaginable just a few years ago


The digital revolution creates a range of strategic opportunities for news publishers. Aside from the cost of online storage and bandwidth, a website can effectively deliver a wide range of audio, video and text to millions of consumers, at home and abroad, via wired and wireless connections. The result is that news publishers can now assert a virtual presence in foreign markets without any investment in capital-intensive printing facilities or expensive broadcast spectrum. Leading the way, for example, are Ugandan-based newspapers/sites such as the Chimp reports, the Insider and Big Eye, which have amassed impressive audiences overseas thanks to the web—notably most of the traditional media houses including The Daily Monitor Publications, The New Vision, The Observer have been forced to create their visibility online and thus they have the online versions of their newspapers.

In turn, the web generates a valuable torrent of market and behavioral information: the number and location of digital consumers; the popularity of specific webpages, stories and embedded audio-visual content; the route taken by consumers as they navigate the site; where they spend their time; and so on. Together, these electronic footprints comprise what we term the clickstream. The clickstream is significant in strategic and organizational terms because it means that news publishers can now track the performance of their digital assets in real-time; and by implication, closely monitor the productivity and commercial value of their staff hence attracting advertisers online.

The internet is bringing about a shift from ‘push’ to ‘pull’ in the media landscape: that is, existing forms of mass media distribution are being challenged by a raft of new internet-based delivery channels, which facilitate an unparalleled degree of customization, interactivity and user feedback. This is not only changing the fundamental nature of media consumption; it also means that consumers can now act as co-producers and co-distributors of content.

Changes in the nature and scale of Ugandan news consumption are eroding and redefining the economic foundations of professional journalism. News publishers are facing a long-term decline in their core revenue streams, and as a result are struggling to cover the underlying costs of original journalism. To survive, they will need to build successful web properties that can capture a share of internet advertising, sufficient to generate revenues able to pay for original reporting and informed editing.maxresdefault (1)

The digital revolution is cementing new connections between publishers and alternative suppliers of news. In particular, news publishers are increasingly looking for stories, leads and information from two areas: first, the specialist communications experts and public relations agencies that now mediate access to most branches of government, commercial, charitable and scientific activity which in most cases are also online; and second, the new army of citizen journalists—equipped with an arsenal of camera phones, wireless devices and laptops—which increasingly provides real time publishers with a shortcut to the front line of breaking stories hence feeding the appetite of 24/7 media platforms.

One cannot talk about technology, especially social media tools, without evaluating ethical implications. Giving consumers the ability to publish information more efficiently isn’t good news for everyone, though; multiple problems emerge from the change. First, many blog posts are still opinion-oriented rather than first-coverage news oriented, meaning most blogs don’t offer journalistically reported news content. Second, the emergence of bloggers means news media organizations now face much more competition. Thirdly, true investigative journalism, like that done to uncover the Watergate scandal, faces a threat that could render it impossible because bloggers may not want to perform the meticulous work investigative journalism involves.

Social media is one of the best ways to get traction with the mobile market. Far more people have crappy cell phones than computers. This allows journalists to reach lower and even middle-income communities and minorities that news organizations have been overlooking. Why are you a journalist in the first place?

The public’s trust, or lack thereof, in the media may have played a role in causing the social media revolution. Social media has shown the value of local news organizations as well as the advantages the new tools can bring small media organizations. Finally, social media has given journalists new ways to report and has opened the door for members of the general public who have something to say but can’t go through a journalist for one reason or another.social-media-is-effective

Social media tools like Twitter, Facebook and YouTube offer skeptical audiences the chance to receive news straight from the witnesses. Rather than relying on a reporter to speak with someone at an explosion in Montana, audiences can reach out and speak to eyewitnesses themselves. Or if they are one of those witnesses, they can share their story with the world before reporters even arrive on the scene.

Finally, as it has already done to a degree, social media will continue to change the way journalists gather and report the news. Reporters can find sources and disseminate information using social media tools. Eyewitnesses will become reporters, but the world will still need “traditional” journalists to go in and verify the facts. Perhaps in the future, professional journalists won’t be so much pure information disseminators but truth disseminators. If you want to see what people say is happening right now, check Twitter; if you want to see what’s actually true and what might be false, check Chimp reports or The Monitor Publications (online).


Ugandan Music Hero: Madoxx Sematimba the Ugandan reggae Master

MadoxxI could eat the air and drink the music, so heady is the fragrance of the saffron rice and the melody of the reggae music. The sun is hot in a way that dries the soil underfoot and warms everything one touches from the wooden table to the metal cups. As a way of celebrating the life of a living artiste, and being  heroes day today, I choose to celebrate this guy.

Listening to the lyrics of a one Madoxx, swimming through one’s cerebral cortex like a wakeful dream. The relaxing reggae note enables the songs to call ones entire being

Listening to his music dancing out of the instruments in a swinging rhythm, my foot begins to tap and my head equally nods and sways. The sax, the guitar, all deep as soul soothing, sweet as honey pie is what culturally will bring out Sematimba’s outstandingly wit, social appeal and enviable music arrangement. It is music soothing the soul in a deep manner and awakens it to social causes.

With a simple and straightforward demeanor, the Ugandan roots reggae musician David Amon Ssemanda Ssematimba through his Luganda ballads manages to sing about love, unity, social justice, peace and everyday issues in songs such as Irene, Tukolagane, Omwami N’omukyala, Kampala, Come Let’s Rock.

He one of the few musicians whose music hit the airwaves in early 2000s and mostly with a high background in the high life of music. The present day Ugandan musicians are reaping big from his unique love for what he does best, music. All he deserves is to be celebrated and appreciated for the efforts of yesterday is what the today industry is reaping from.


Maddoxx with Steve Keys and Navio. They recently thrilled funs during a Roast and Rhyme event at Munyonyo

Madoxx is a Kampala city born eclectic reggae singer, song-writer, composer with a strong message of love, social causes, African identity and history. He was born in 1972 in Kampala where he was brought up and this could be the reason he sang about Kampala when he was away in Sweden.  He went to Makonzi Boarding Primary School and Busoga College Mwiri. Before choosing a path in music, Ssematimba worked as a primary school teacher. He relocated to StockholmSweden in 1991, when he was 21 years old. He breezed on the local scene in 1998, with the single Tukolagane (Let’s join hands and work together), unfortunately dancehall reggae, or ragga had taken its toll on the locals. 

His music did not sell a lot at the time because the entire country was listening to fast-paced Congolese Soukous, new age cross-ιfertilized Kadongokamu, Ugandan and western pop. Ugandans were also listening (and still listen) to a new brand of Ugandan ragga, where the young heathens don’t praise Jah, all they want is sex and vanity. However after spawning mega hits like Namagembe, Munnakyalo, Ddembe, Omukwano, e.t.c thousands of copies were sold, it became the most popular album of the year 2002 where his Namagembe hit was dubbed song of the year. 

In his lyrics, Namagembe, All time lover and Nakatudde, he manages to get lovers warm up to the dance floor and for the lonely to feel the weight of not being loved. In an emotive surrender, he will delicately strum the guitar that every string’s sound is as clear as the previous one. Ssematimba is one of Uganda’s uniquely gifted artistes. The 44 year old and a father of two Christopher Ssemanda and Melody Ssemanda from his ex lover Eva Linek recently headlined an even dubbed Roast & Rhyme at Jahazi Pier Munyonyo.

The 5th July Sunday event was a fusion of good music from outstanding star performances from Steve Keys, Maddox Sematimba, and Navio among others, with great company and mouth watering BBQ at the lakeside attracted many city dwellers who thronged the place for Nyama Choma.  mado3

According to revelers, the Uganda’s legendary reggae musician Maddox Sematimba is slowly but steadily getting his groove back on as he continues to land more gigs. The Namagembe singer had been bruised by booze, police and negative media stories that followed the end of his relationship with a white lover.

Madoxx’s life had been messed after the family break and  this involved bouncing him at shows and clubs, facing arrests day in day out and being caned by goons around town.mado5

Maddox was inspired to join music because of the family music bond. His sister was a choir mistress, singer and instrumentalist with Jesus Worship Centre. A brother called Alex Kaweesi led a Gospel band. While growing up, Maddoxx used to startle Kampala suburbs playing his accordion, mouth organ and guitar. mado1

He is a down-to-earth dude who loves to make everyone around him happy. Living abroad for over a decade often makes many people very pompous. They also tend to acquire a velvety English accent. Sorry. No fanciful airs with Madoxx Ssematimba.  While some artistes impose themselves through releasing numerous songs to stay in the limelight, Maddox remains on the scene with his few but polished songs. Madox-Ssemadimba-honor-guests-after-performance

After Namagembe released in 2000, Maddox’s latest reggae album Abato (2006) which comprises Nakatudde, Nga Olabye, Wa Nsonyi, Leka Nkulage, Kabiite, Come Let’s Rock, All Time Lover, Easy, Fed Up, Won’t Give Up, Kampala and the title track Abato is one to reckon with. Abato is a blend of rock reggae with Bakisimba drumbeats. In Abato Maddox pleads to the grown-ups to respect and love the young ones. 

Photo Credit: Katumba Badru

Makerere University Tuition Policy Dilemma, how it was born, burried by Government- See summary


Students went on a week-long strike in April 2016 in protest against the debt-ridden university’s controversial fee payment policy. Pun video below

Makerere has been demanding UGX21 billion (US$6.3 million) from about 45% of the 39,417 students currently enrolled.

Problems with tuition fee payment have placed the institution into debt and rendered it unable to meet financial obligations, especially to staff who have been demanding salary arrears.

The policy students were striking over in April, established in 2012, required students to pay at least 60% of their tuition fees by the sixth week of a semester, which allowed them to register, submit coursework and sit for exams.

But the policy provoked unrest every time the university tried to enforce it, and students then requested that all tuition fees rather be paid by the end of the twelfth week.

The government represented by Prime Minister Dr Ruhakana Rugunda  and Inspector General of Police General Kale Kayihura  convened a meeting with Makerere University Council Finance Committee Chair Thomas Tayebwa, Vice-chancellor Professor Ddumba Ssentamu and students leaders and resolved to shelve the policy.

Critics contend that government should not interfere in the running of universities if it does not provide them with alternative means to raise revenue to run their activities and pay salaries however, i find this lame. The same critics will dis government if it doesn’t intervene since this is a public institution.


The future of Social Media as Museveni scoops 5th term


Social media shutdown as the president swears in for the 5th term. Authorities in Uganda have again ordered for the switching off of social media by mobile uses over allegation that this impedes development as a lot regime haters take to social media to abuse them.




Ambiance of three seconds Wide shot of internet websites
The Ugandan government is planning to amend the Uganda Communication Act 2013 to allow the minister to act without approval of parliament.


Medium shot of parliament, Rebecca
The amended of the Uganda Communication Act comes in handy just after the recently concluded general elections that were charged social media out bursts. The February 18th general election which was awash with among other things news reports of users of Facebook, Twitter, Whatsapp being blocked from using them. The blocking was a result of an order by UCC to the internet service providers to protect against a threat to public order and security. Wide shots of the recently concluded general elections.
Fred Enanga, the Uganda Police spokesperson says the new law is aimed at assisting police in tracking and charging those involved in cyber crimes. Wide shots of police officers at work.
The problem is that there is regulation, I mean people are posting as much content, at times you find it is appropriate and it is a platform with un restricted access, you just find somebody creating an account and then starts attacking another one. So it needs to eliminate the creation of these pseudo accounts. Medium shot of Fred Enanga, the police spokesperson.
This new law however, builds doubts whether it will be effective as Sarah Bireete, the programs Director for Centre for Constitutional Governance relates it to the China and Bangaladesh governments which sought to restrict both social and traditional media online as an impractical venture. Medium shots of social media users.
How comes Social media is a threat in Uganda today, China has given up and is opening up social media so if Uganda wants to do a try and error, somebody said this government has been ruling us for try and error unfortunately, the time for trial has ended and we are in the period of error, so in the period of error then you let your government make a mistake that China made 10years ago and China is instead opening up but yours is aiming to close. Medium shot of Sarah Bireete, the Programs Director at Centre for Constitutional Governance.
The bill has brought mixed reactions from across section of social media users in Uganda Medium shots of Social media users
What they can do is to first educate the citizens because even when you come to IT we have a course unit called IT ethics and laws. Medium shot of social media user.
I am a person who uses social media a lot and once the government brings in such a law I don’t support it, they should be focusing on important laws Medium shot of social media user.
What the government can do in this case is to first sensitize people. Medium close up shot of an IT expert.
What government wants to do is a good move because I use social media a lot, but we get a lot of wrong information. Medium shot of an IT  student
Once this bill is passed into law, the social media law will be added to the list of already existing cyber laws such as computer misuse and anti-pornographic law, and the regulation of the interception of communication act which according to its critics will focus on narrowing the online expression space. Wide shots of social media users.

  NAME                                             REG NO.

DAVDSON NDYABAHIKA        12/U/24952

MUGISA HENRY                           12/U/8729/PS

BAMUHAIRA DEUS                    12/U/25249

MIIRO ASHRAFU                         12/U/24842

NANTONGO ZAITUN                  12/U/1208/PS


Respect Court Process- Museveni to KCCA Councilor- Elects


President Museveni in a group Photo with councilors from the five divisions of Kampala yesterday

President Yoweri Museveni has met KCCA Councilor-elects over their grievances following a constitutional court petition seeking to eliminate councilors, divisional mayor-elects and members of par elect from the Capital City.

During the meeting, the President advised the councilors to remain calm since their participation in the recently concluded elections was clearly spelt out by the Electoral Commission.

He promised to follow up the matter with the relevant government agencies to understand the problem and issues involved and urged them to respect the court processes.

The President was meeting 275 KCCA councilors from the five divisions of Kampala namely Central, Nakawa, Makindye, Rubaga and Kawempe. The meeting took place at State House Entebbe yesterday.index

“You as councilors should not worry at all because it’s not your role to interpret what the law stipulates,” the President said.

The President’s meeting with the Councilor-elects follows a court petition by a one Mulindwa Muwonge questioning the existence of various political offices at the Authority.

In the petition Mulindwa Muwonge of KM and company advocates petitioned the constitutional court to eliminate the local government and the Kampala Woman MP from the capital city. Mulindwa explained that according to the constitution, the administration of the capital city is a mandate of the central government.

The President called upon the Councilor-elects not to be misled by wrong elements and not to listen to the members of the opposition groups who move around inciting the public to participate in strikes that are not genuine to cause confusion. He advised them to instead respect the court process and await its outcome.


China Insists of Using Yuan, Refuses US Dollars


yuan dollar

Post by U.S.Reporter- Apr 13, 2016

In a shocking move likely to crush the US economy overnight, China is refusing to make its new gold-backed Yuan, convertible from or to US Dollars. The new Yuan will be introduced next Tuesday, April 19.

When the International Monetary Fund (IMF) agreed to add the Yuan to the basket of world currencies used for Global Reserves and International Trade, they wanted China to make the Yuan more reliable as a currency. Since then, China has almost un-pegged its Yuan from the Dollar, allowing its value to fluctuate on world markets.

usdcnyBut for years, China has been amassing huge amounts of gold bullion; some have said their appetite for bullion has been “staggering.” And with a new gold-backed Yuan to be issued next Tuesday, the entire world will have a choice of a new currency to use for international trade: The old US Dollar which is backed by nothing, or the new Chinese Yuan, which is backed by gold. Which currency would YOU use?

When this new currency is issued, countries that have been forced to use US Dollars for decades, and have had to keep billions of dollars in their foreign currency reserves, will be free to dump those dollars. But they won’t be able to dump them to China for the new gold-backed, Yuan!

China has reportedly decided”there can be no conversion of gold-backed Yuan to or from US dollars.” What China fears is that many countries around the world will want to trade their reserve US dollars for the new Yuan, leaving China with mountains of worthless US dollars. China already has several trillion in US dollar reserves and does not want or need more.yuan-DW-Wirtschaft-Beijing

If news of this decision by China is correct, then countries around the world may just have to decide whether or not they wish to continue trading with the USA at all?

The upheaval this could cause as early as next week, would be staggering.

TRUE AFRICAN MEDICINE: The Amazing Health Benefits of Honey


Honey_combIt is found that a mix of honey and cinnamon cures most diseases. Honey is produced in most of the countries of the world. Scientists of today also note honey as very effective medicine for all kinds of diseases. Honey can be used without side effects which is also a plus. Today’s science says that even though honey is sweet, when it is taken in the right dosage as a medicine, it does not harm even diabetic patients. Researched by western scientists:

HEART DISEASES: Make a paste of honey and cinnamon powder, put it on toast instead of jelly and jam and eat it regularly for breakfast. It reduces the cholesterol and could potentially save one from heart attack. Also, even if you have already had an attack studies show you could be kept miles away from the next attack. Regular use of cinnamon honey strengthens the heart beat. In America and Canada, various nursing homes have treated patients successfully and have found that as one ages the arteries and veins lose their flexibility and get clogged; honey and cinnamon revitalize the arteries and the veins.

ARTHRITIS: Arthritis patients can benefit by taking one cup of hot water with two tablespoons of honey and one small teaspoon of cinnamon powder. When taken daily even chronic arthritis can be cured. In a recent research conducted at the Copenhagen University, it was found that when the doctors treated their patients with a mixture of one tablespoon Honey and half teaspoon Cinnamon powder before breakfast, they found that within a week (out of the 200 people so treated) practically 73 patients were totally relieved of pain — and within a month, most all the patients who could not walk or move around because of arthritis now started walking without pain.Honey-Comb

BLADDER INFECTIONS: Take two tablespoons of cinnamon powder and one teaspoon of honey in a glass of lukewarm water and drink it. It destroys the germs in the bladder….who knew?

CHOLESTEROL: Two tablespoons of honey and three teaspoons of Cinnamon Powder mixed in 16 ounces of tea water given to a cholesterol patient was found to reduce the level of cholesterol in the blood by 10 percent within two hours. As mentioned for arthritic patients, when taken three times a day, any chronic cholesterol-could be cured. According to information received in the said Journal, pure honey taken with food daily relieves complaints of cholesterol.

COLDS: Those suffering from common or severe colds should take one tablespoon lukewarm honey with 1/4 spoon cinnamon powder daily for three days. This process will cure most chronic cough, cold, and, clear the sinuses, and it’s delicious too!

UPSET STOMACH: Honey taken with cinnamon powder cures stomach ache and also is said to clear stomach ulcers from its root.

GAS: According to the studies done in India and Japan, it is revealed that when Honey is taken with cinnamon powder the stomach is relieved of gas.Depositphotos_10965463_S

IMMUNE SYSTEM: Daily use of honey and cinnamon powder strengthens the immune system and protects the body from bacterial and viral attacks. Scientists have found that honey has various vitamins and iron in large amounts. Constant use of Honey strengthens the white blood corpuscles (where DNA is contained) to fight bacterial and viral diseases.

INDIGESTION: Cinnamon powder sprinkled on two tablespoons of honey taken before food is eaten relieves acidity and digests the heaviest of meals

INFLUENZA: A scientist in Spain has proved that honey contains a natural ‘Ingredient’ which kills the influenza germs and saves the patient from flu.

LONGEVITY: Tea made with honey and cinnamon powder, when taken regularly, arrests the ravages of old age. Use four teaspoons of honey, one teaspoon of cinnamon powder, and three cups of boiling water to make a tea. Drink 1/4 cup, three to four times a day. It keeps the skin fresh and soft and arrests old age. Life spans increase and even a 100 year old will start performing the chores of a 20-year-old.

RASPY OR SORE THROAT: When throat has a tickle or is raspy, take one tablespoon of honey and sip until gone. Repeat every three hours until throat is without symptoms.

PIMPLES: Three tablespoons of honey and one teaspoon of cinnamon powder paste. Apply this paste on the pimples before sleeping and wash it off the next morning with warm water. When done daily for two weeks, it removes all pimples from the root.

SKIN INFECTIONS: Applying honey and cinnamon powder in equal parts on the affected parts cures eczema, ringworm and all types of skin Infections.

WEIGHT LOSS: Daily in the morning one half hour before breakfast and on an empty stomach, and at night before sleeping, drink honey and cinnamon powder boiled in one cup of water. When taken regularly, it reduces the weight of even the most obese person. Also, drinking this mixture regularly does not allow the fat to accumulate in the body even though the person may eat a high calorie diet.

FATIGUE: Recent studies have shown that the sugar content of honey is more helpful rather than being detrimental to the strength of the body. Senior citizens who take honey and cinnamon powder in equal parts are more alert and flexible. Dr. Milton, who has done research, says that a half tablespoon of honey taken in a glass of water and sprinkled with cinnamon powder, even when the vitality of the body starts to decrease, when taken daily after brushing and in the afternoon at about 3:00 P.M., the vitality of the body increases within a week.

BAD BREATH: People of South America, gargle with one teaspoon of honey and cinnamon powder mixed in hot water first thing in the morning so their breath stays fresh throughout the day.

HEARING LOSS: Daily morning and night honey and cinnamon powder, taken in equal parts restores hearing.

Source: David wright

OPEN LETTER TO DR. STELLA NYANZI: I love your boobs though your head is sexier


Cartoon by Senior Cartoonist Atukwasize Chris Ogon. C/O Daily Monitor

Hail nudity! Hail human rights! Hail MISR! For you are all here to stay.

Dear Nalongo Dr Stella Nyanzi, my name is Davidson Ndyabahika, a Makerere University journalism finalist. I was “forced to smile” on hearing that you had received the keys to your office yesterday, after you undressed in front of the nation.

Since your sharp pointed boobs have been trending for hours now, I take the rare opportunity to address you sex goddessness professor!

You received hostile responses from different people, including your fellow professors. It is regrettable that they were too imprudently blind to see that you were making our institution glorified. Indeed we made history. Precedent has been set. And don’t be surprised if our global ranking improves – thanks to your erect boobs.

You know I have been your secret admirer for long. I fell in love with your literature sometime ago when my colleague recommended your pieces to me before elections. She’s  such a horny crafter, he had praised you.

Mama Stella, I am also honestly annoyed by those intolerant folks who up to now do not know that we have rights and they must be protected. Who is Lokodo to come and impose his sanctions on us ‘mbu’ decay of our morals? In Makerere, we are purely mature and we have for long enjoyed our optical nutrition from our fellow classmates with their seductive cleavages.

And I’m sure Prof. Mahmood Mamdani’s must have feasted on such succulent boobs. Your nudes were on point and I bet the good old professor enjoyed the video. You see even the VC came running to drool at your sexy body! And when he and other male professors had watched, pocketing, the VC declared that your office be unlocked!

Tel me this Dr Nyanzi: how did you think of this great idea? I marvel at the richness of your brains, sexy brains I should add!

Lokodo should have done a quick Google search before reacting. How could a full minister, moreover a Reverend Father, order for the arrest of a research fellow? Does he even know that you are a Nalongo? Why can’t he go and arrest those women in Karamoja? Hasn’t he seen them walk naked in his home area?

He doesn’t know our ethics; he should first come for lectures from you my dear professor. It is very normal to undress and stress your point. Let him deal with it.

On a personal note, looking at your boobs, I fantasized you at 18. Look, if your body can send Lokodo, Mahmood, and Ddumba pocketing, I cannot imagine what your male classmates went through.

I also want to thank you for helping us change our optical diet. Isn’t a restricted diet always monotonous? We have been seeing immature boobs from these little campus babes but you surely spiced our optical nutrition. We are grateful!

As university students, we are sorry Prof. that we had not been introduced to this new tactic. We shall employ it when need arises in our tuition struggles.

All our ladies have learnt from your example and all we can say is a woman body is such a powerful tool to attain anything in this world.

All those who have accused you I should say are simplistic in nature. They did not know how you save this institution. For starters, you managed to teach fellow professors that amongst them, they can find other bootylicious females like you for grabs instead of feasting on our underage female students.

I was shocked to hear Prof. Mamdan claim that you were not teaching. Who the hell does he think he is tell you to eat chalk? Unless the mode of teaching is through twitter, WhatsApp, facebook, blogging, Flickering, instagraming, etc do not accept to go back to chalk, that is also a right. We must liberate education through social media.

Let Mamdani tell his PHD students to go online and you can supervise them there.


Davidson Ndyabahika




The Uganda People’s Defense Forces (UPDF) has been ranked 16 of the 30 African countries that qualified for the world rankings.ams-soldier

In a new report released by the Global Fire Power GFP 2016 considering over 50 factors to determine a given nation’s power index score, Uganda has been ranked behind Kenya and Sudan.

According to the report, the factors were set in parameters that allowoed smaller, yet technologically advanced power to compete with larger lesser developed ones.

A soldier from the Uganda People's Defence Force (UPDF) engages in weapons training at the Singo training facility in Kakola, Uganda Monday, April 30, 2012. The camp provides different training courses run by the U.S. Marines and also by instructors contracted by the U.S. State Department under the Africa Contingency Operations Training & Assistance (ACOTA) programme, both aimed to better prepare Ugandan soldiers heading to Somalia as part of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) peacekeeping operation. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)

A soldier from the Uganda People’s Defence Force (UPDF) engages in weapons training at the Singo training facility in Kakola, Uganda Monday, April 30, 2012. The camp provides different training courses run by the U.S. Marines and also by instructors contracted by the U.S. State Department under the Africa Contingency Operations Training & Assistance (ACOTA) programme, both aimed to better prepare Ugandan soldiers heading to Somalia as part of the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM) peacekeeping operation. (AP Photo/Ben Curtis)

ARMYtroops-650x468During the study according to the report, 126 countries globally were ranked with the United States of America topping the list followed by Russia, China, India, France and United Kingdom respectively, modifiers in form of bonuses and penalties were considered in the final refinement.updf in sudan-mt-20140124-222734

Uganda ranked 92 in the whole world in the military might though we cannot conclusively say they considered all the issues since security matters are usually taken in high regard.

This ranking according to the report did not simply rely on the number of weapons available to any country but on weapon diversity.

Among the factors considered, geographical factors, logistical flexibility, natural resources and local industry influenced the final findings. Nuclear weapons were not considered though countries with such weapons were given bonuses.mi17_011

Political or military leadership was not considered as well as land locked countries were not penalized for not having NAVY though Naval powers have been penalized for lack of diversity in their available assets.

NATO allies received some bonuses because of sharing of resources theoretically.

For more information >>> http://www.globalfirepower.com/countries-listing-africa.aspCapture

I came to stop this nonsense and it will stop- Museveni in Kasese



President Museveni having a dialogue with the Rwenzururu king Charles Wesley Mumbere recently at Mweeya Safari lodge

President Museveni having a dialogue with the Rwenzururu king Charles Wesley Mumbere recently at Mweeya Safari lodge

President Yoweri Museveni has stressed that no amnesty will this time be granted to criminals who have been perpetrating the recent killings of innocent people in the Rwenzori region. He urged all leaders to be strict with such mistake makers to make them learn how to live in a civilized way in society.

“I came to Bundibugyo not as a tourist but to resolve this issue once and for all. Fortunately we now have the capacity. The Army has a big capacity to deal with trouble causers unlike in the past when we were running around with Kony and the ADF. I came to stop this nonsense and it will stop. Everybody involved will be held accountable,” he vowed.

The President made the remarks while meeting a delegation from the Omusinga’s palace shortly after having tete-a-tete talks with the Omusinga of Rwenzururu, Omumbere Charles Wesley Mumbere at Mweya Safari Lodge in Kasese district. President Museveni who gave a detailed account of the killings in the Rwenzori Region since 2011, said that during the talks that he had just held with the King, he was satisfied with the Omusinga’s explanations that exonerated the Rwenzururu King from those heinous acts.mzee

“I met the King this afternoon and he assured me on all issues I was hearing and I am satisfied with his explanations. Therefore, I appeal to you to support the accountability for these killings. It is not a good idea to keep on covering-up criminals who kill innocent people with impunity,” he said.

President Museveni said he was in the region in many capacities as a freedom fighter who has struggled for a long time for peace, security, unity and the development of Uganda as well as the past and future President of the country. He vowed that as President, he will not tolerate such criminal acts to continue in Uganda.f17a463b-29bd-4372-9f5f-972f3ce9a834

He added that NRM, from the very beginning, abhorred sectarianism along religious or tribal lines, marginalizing women and other vulnerable groups, the more reason why the Movement laid emphasis on security of person and property and the unity of the people of Uganda. He informed members of the Omusinga’s delegation that he had held meetings with several groups of people from the Rwenzori Region during which some of them talked of reconciliation.

President Museveni further pointed out that the chaos in such a predominantly tourist area, will only serve to deny the people income earning opportunities adding that the national economy will also suffer a setback as tourists will no longer be able to visit the country.

The Omusinga of Rwenzururu, Charles Wesley Mumbere, on his part blamed the media and some officials for allegations made before thorough investigations are undertaken. He appealed to President Museveni to institute a commission of inquiry to probe the incidents as well as the existence of an alleged militia group in the region.

On the talk of Yiira republic formation, the Omusinga explained that the propaganda is by the enemies of the Rwenzururu Kingdom who are bent on tarnishing the image of the Kingdom before the Government of Uganda.

Later, President Museveni gave to the Rwenzururu King and some of the King’s officials, a copy of a document that gives details on all the achievements of NRM since 1986, such as the growing tax collections, budgeting as well as infrastructure development in the country.

The Omumbere’s mother, Mukirane Christine accompanied him.

Makerere Guild Tribunal Orders Re-vote for Education Students


Supporters of guild candidates at a rally recently. PHOTO CREDIT: Zahara Abdul

By Davidson Ndyabahika

MAKERERE: An election tribunal probing the irregularity allegations in the College of Education and External Studies has declared a re-election in the college.

Makerere University’s Guild Election  Tribunal yesterday evening shunned cancelling of education results of the recently concluded guild elections and decided the a re-vote in the entire College of Education and External Studies (CEES).

The tribunal’s decision came after a long period of standoff at in the university after the guild elections what been declared in the independent UYD’s Bazil Mwotta’s favor elections. The tribunal which is headed by a university council appointee has reached a conclusion after carrying out a controversial vote recount at the guild office yesterday afternoon where even after no substantial difference, members decided that the contested electorate should go back to the ballot this week.

According to a highly placed source in the tribunal, the entire college is to have a revote on Wednesday 23rd 2016 this week to end this controversy between Roy Ssemboga and Mwotta Biddemu Bazil.

The electoral commission on Friday March 11 2016 declared Mr. Mwotta Bazil the winner of the hotly contested election with 4591 votes against Ssemboga Roy’s 4276 out of the 12,852 valid votes counted. The election which observers have declared punctuated by intimidation, deleting people from Facebook groups, voter bribery, mafias among others shall be saved after the Wednesday Election.

A similar incident happened in Makerere during the academic year 2008/2009 when the former guild president Mr. Shaban Ssenkubuge’s victory was contested and the matter was resolved in high court. He later became the guild president and according the information that we have, he was the last guild president to come from the College of Education.

Whether Mwotta will break this 6 year all drought of no guild president by the College of Education, the Wednesday election will tell.

Makerere Final Year MASSCOM Class set Date for Dinner Gala


By Davidson Ndyabahika

zaharaThe laborious panting explanations from the coordinator and anticipation that goes on throughout the day among the 4th year Journalism and Communication students at Makerere University tells volumes about how much the dinner gala has changed the mentality of the students in the Department.

The celebration mood is in gear two (2), full of a riot of color, everyone a little more hyped up than they should be.

How ready should a the department be, with a month away from the annual finalists dinner gala that is to be graced by the distinguished dignitaries and other media guru’s as well as the department’s gurus as well as gracefully dressed couples? Majority of fourth year journalism & communication students are asking themselves that much, as the department gets into ‘standby mode’ for the finalists dinner scheduled for April at Imperial Royal hotel in Kampala.

Publicity for this dinner has been and is still all over social media, and word of mouth.

In a release by the coordinator of this dinner gala Mr. Derrick Senyonga, the event is intended to happen before exam time on April 29, 2016.

Dinner costs

Mr. Senyonga who said the dinner fee will be 65000 shillings for singles and 120000 for couples boasted of how it is worth celebrating after a long marathon of 4 years struggle.buffet

“This money will cater for a cake, entertainment (we intend to have a live band and possibly a comedian), Red Carpet Photo Shoot (Free soft copies and DVD will be given out after), Excellence Awards, After Party and so much more,” said Mr. Ssenyonga.

The event which is aimed at socializing for the last time together shall be strictly attended by finalists however a different charge for non-finalists has been set to those who want to attend as dates.

Giving awards

The final year students of journalism and communication plan to award gifts ad certificates of recognition and appreciation to different outstanding lecturers, students’ leaders, support staff as well as alumni.Buffet-Millennium-Stryker-Sapphire-Whoismillennium

“Previous dinners have always awarded outstanding individuals say lecturers with wrapped gifts. We however thought it wise that a certificate can serve a better purpose. Therefore, the award is a certificate. Students will nominate and vote for fellow students, Lecturers, support staff and alumni in different categories. The winner in each category will receive an award,” the coordinator highlighted.

Dinner table reservations

According to the dinner gala organisers, there will be special tables for reservations which go for six hundred thousand shillings (600,000) for 10 people irrespective of sex.

“All you have to do is identify the 10 people and submit in names to which a table Number will be allocated. In cases where individuals can’t mobilize and fill a table, they can submit in names and the organisers help them find more people,” said Ssenyonga.

He added; “Payments can be made to the dinner representative in your class. Any member who wishes to attend should confirm with at least half the payment by 8th April. This will help smooth planning.”Picture2

 Department ready to support

The department is doing all it can to ensure its year of dinner gala is a success. This, however, is coming at a high financial cost to students. The department has offered to lobby for the financial funding of part of the dinner costs so have the costs lowered.

Bermuda Triangle Mystery: Where boats and planes vanish, TRUTH REVEALED


Hundreds of boats and planes have been lost to the mysterious triangle GETTY IMAGES

Did you know? 20 planes, 50 ships lost and 1000 people have disappeared in the last 100 years in the Bermuda Triangle, reports indicate. Scientists say Bermuda is a consequence of gas hydrates reactions.

FOR years it has been one of the world’s greatest mysteries – why have so many boats and planes been lost forever within the Bermuda Triangle?

Over the past centuries, many ships and air planes have disappeared or met with fatal accidents in the triangular area on Atlantic ocean known as Bermuda Triangle. In several cases, no trace of the ships and aircraft were found even after thorough search operations were carried out for hundreds and thousands of square miles in the ocean.


This graphic shows the vast extent of the triangle NOASA IMAGES

Such incidents of disappearances have been known since 1400s and have continued even in 21st century. While there are various explanations and theories behind such incidents, in many cases the incidents have remained unexplained.

The disappearances in the infamous region has repeatedly been blamed on the paranormal – with suggestions it could be a vortex to another dimension which has transported the poor souls on board away from our universe.

But now scientists believe there could be a much more Earthly, and provable explanation, for the legend also known as the Devil’s Triangle.

Researchers have found huge undersea craters which could be tell-tale signs on why vessels went missing and were possible blown to smithereens, to end up at the bottom of the sea.Bermuda-Boat-489704

The up to half-mile-wide and 150ft deep craters in the Barents Sea are thought to have been caused by a build-up of methane.

They are just off the Norweaigan coast – a country rich in natural gas reserves.

Methane is likely to have leaked from deposits of natural gas deeper below the sea bed, then created cavities which eventually burst, once the pressure gets too high, the scientists said.

This would lead to a massive blow up of gas, which could cause a boat or ship to fail if it was passing at the height of the explosion.

Russian scientist Igor Yeltsov, deputy head of the Trofimuk Institute, said: “There is a version that the Bermuda Triangle is a consequence of gas hydrates reactions.

“They start to actively decompose with methane ice turning into gas.

“It happens in an avalanche-like way, like a nuclear reaction, producing huge amounts of gas.

“That makes the ocean heat up and ships sink in its waters mixed with a huge proportion of gas.

“The crater area is likely to represent one of the largest hotspots for shallow marine methane release in the Arctic.”

Hundreds of boats and planes have been lost within and just outside the triangle since Christopher Columbus was the first to record its existence, noting his ship’s compass stopped working and he saw a fireball in the sky.


Crew of Torpedo Bomber28, lead plane of Flight 19 which vanished in December 1945

An average of four planes and 20 boats have been reported lost a year, with no trace of any debris, due to the Gulf Stream being believed to move them away.

Disappearances have been blamed on UFOs, strange mists, and even time travel.

The biggest recorded loss was in 1945 when five US Navy Avenger torpedo bombers flying from Fort Lauderdale, Florida, to Bimini Island never showed up after a radio call from the 14 men on board that their compasses stopped working.

Three rescue planes also disappeared.

The Bermuda Triangle covers 440,000 square miles of sea – from the British Overseas Territory in the North Atlantic Ocean, to the Florida coast and on to Puerto Rico.

Source: Express




Mandela Abel Nkunda the NRM Candidate in the recently concluded guild polls at Makerere University has today morning congratulated Mr. Bazil Mwotta Biddemu upon being elected new guild president and conveyed the desire to work with him.

“Congratulations your Excellency. We went into the race together but gallant intellectuals made a choice. They decided democratically that Bazil Mwotta should take the driving seat of this great institution for the next one year,” said Nkunda in his facebook post.

His greetings come when a 22 year old Mwotta was declared Victor in the recently concluded guild presidential elections that saw Mwotta poll the majority vote.

Makerere university students erupted into applause after victory was announced following a lengthy ballot count by hand in which  Mwotta polled  4591 votes of the 12,852 valid votes counted.

“I hearby congratulate you my brother for the fight well fought . U exhibited high levels of intellectualism and diplomacy,” said Mandela before adding; “I call upon the entire makerereans your work together for the better of our own Harvard of Africa . Politics should not separate us completely instead we should learn from these experiences and eye for the future.”

In the recently concluded guild elections 13,136 votes were cast out of which 284 were invalid.




Justice James Ogoola Hails Makerere on Guild Presidential Debates


Justice James Ogoola a retired justice and chairperson Elders Forum

Kampala: Justice James Ogoola, the chairperson of the Elders Forum has commended Makerere University Electoral Commission and the entire students community at Makerere University for upholding the spirit of debate during the recently concluded guild elections.

Justice Ogoola was on Friday March 11, 2016 speaking at a public dialogue on the election process in Uganda organized by Advocates Coalition for Development and Environment (ACODE). He said that it is inspiring to see that the “debate thing” which was recently introduced in the presidential elections had already been picked by Makerere University students.

“The debate thing is the way to go. If we are talking about stability, do not expect me to preach revolution. Revolution cannot bring stability. We are talking about wise choices. I was impressed to see institutions like Makerere University also participate in the guild presidential debates.”

Justice Ogoola was submitting in reaction to the post-election Uganda and guiding on how Ugandans can always have solutions to their grievances minus embracing violence adding that the debate was the only leveled ground where all the eight (8) candidates got an opportunity to be heard by the country.debate

Meanwhile former Kenyan ambassador to France, Bethuel Kiplagat, who gave a keynote address, held that instability in Uganda directly affects Kenyans and that Africans should learn to solve domestic problems peacefully asserting that Ugandans should not create room for violence in the post-election era.

“No single soul should die because of election, before, during or after. Our economy in Kenya depends on you and I think, two or three per cent of the [Gross Domestic Product] depends on you [Uganda]. It is you who have made it for us. So, we have deep interest here, we cannot leave you…we are tied together,” ambassador Kiplagat said.

Makerere university electoral commission in liaison with Makerere Debating Union provided platform for intellectual debate to all the 13 guild presidential candidates. Vision Group’s Urban Television provided televised debate to the guild candidates at Makerere University.

Makerere University Non-Teaching staff threaten to strike


The support staff shall today Friday 31st  July 2015 decide in a general assembly  at the University Main Building to discuss a way forward.

The officials say if no positive results are seen, they will go as planned to lay down their tools starting from 3rd August 2015.


According to sources privy to Campus Times, the government of Uganda and Makerere university last increased the incentives of the non-teaching staff in 1986.

According to a source that preferred anonymity, joined this university as a non teaching staff in 1997 and during all these years, he claims he has never seen any increment on his salary.

It should be noted that a total of Shs39 billion is required to meet salary demands for administrative and support staff from public universities per annum.

President Museveni ordered last year (2014) that salaries for lecturers be raised to enable, a professor, the highest ranking officer, walk home with at least Shs 15 million a month.

Earlier this month of July, Makerere University vice chancellor Prof. John Ssentamu Ddumba said the institution doesn’t have money to clear its staff’s outstanding allowances amounting to Shs9 billion for the last three months; and thus couldn’t commit to increasing incentives for non teaching staff.


In 2013, Makerere university council, the highest decision making organ, adopted a resolution to increase staff salaries by 70 per cent using internal generated funds, breaking a standoff that had paralyzed the institution’s operations for two weeks.

Earlier in April, 2015, Non-teaching staff in all the public universities across the country gave the government until the end of this financial year to increase their salaries, or they lay down their tools.

Their demands followed the government’s decision to increase pay for only teaching staff in all the public universities.

The non-teaching staff claim that in the recent planning indicative figures to all the universities, the finance ministry only made salary increment to the teaching staff, leaving out the administrative and support staff out of the proposed increment.

This comes only two weeks to the opening of the new semester. The semester opens on 15th August with Freshers Orientation and the continuing students reporting on 23rd August 2015.

President Museveni just been received at Makerere University. To preside over closing of Security awareness. He pledged to increase the Lecturers pay

President Museveni just been received at Makerere University. To preside over closing of Security awareness. He pledged to increase the Lecturers pay


Katosi Road Saga: Why Byandala Was Sent To Luzira Prison



Minister Without Portfolio and former Works and transport Minister,   Eng Abraham Byandala has been sent to Luzira Prison until August 11, 2015.

Byandala who was last evening remanded to Luzira prison with other 5 officials  from UNRA and charged with 24 counts which included abuse office, causing financial loss, theft, influence peddling, obtaining money by false pretense among others. The Anti-Corruption Court’s presiding Principal Grade One Magistrate Julius Borore said he will hear their bail application on August 11 on grounds that interlocutory applications are heard on separate dates with plea taking.




According to a report by the Inspector General of Government (IGG) pinned Byandala for forcing the Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA) to sign and advance Shs24.7bn payment to a non-existent firm, EUTAW.

It was discovered by the IGG that the EUTAW construction company that won the tender had no relations to the firm in the US that it had used as its parent company.

Eutaw Construction Company won the Shs165b road project, which President Yoweri Museveni launched on July 7 2014.

According to highly placed sources, UNRA cancelled the contract for the 74km Mukono-Katosi road project following orders from the Inspector General of Government who said Eutaw and CICO, a Chinese company subcontracted for the project, colluded to defraud the government of Shs24b in advance payment.

Upon canceling the contract on orders of the IGG, The Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA) governing board suspended four senior staff, including the then acting executive director, Eng. Ssebugga Kimeze, Director for planning, Eng. David Luyimbazi, Joe Ssemugooma, the director for finance and Marvin Baryaruha, the director for legal all who have been arrested after serious interrogations and recording of statements from these UNRA senior staff in connection to the road scam.

Uganda National Roads Authority top officials faced a multi billion fraud scandal in which a quack US based company Eutaw was handed the road contract without due diligence.

The other suspects charged before the Kololo-based court included Mr Berunado Kimeze, 54, the former acting executive director of Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA), Joe Ssemugooma, 54, the former acting director finance and administration at UNRA, Mr Apollo Senkeeto, alias Mark Kalyesubula, 45, a businessman and Isaac Mugote, former banker with Housing Finance Bank Ltd.

ke home01+pic

Katosi Road scam time line

In 2010. Katosi road earmarked for upgrade by the Uganda National Roads Authority (UNRA).

May 2010. Eutaw International Limited purchases bid documents.

December 2010: Eutaw emerges best bidder. But the trails, like the legal documents submitted in bidding, however, described the Eutaw in Mississippi as completely different from the one in Florida.

2010/2011: Mr Abraham Byandala appointed Works minister.
The project is shelved on grounds of lack of funds but constant meetings are held back and forth, including with President Museveni.

February 2012: The President directs the ministries of Works and Finance to accelerate discussions with Eutaw on the project.

March 2012: UNRA ponders on re-tendering the project but the idea is shot down, officials revealed.
November 2: Housing Finance Bank writes to UNRA confirming issuing performance security to Eutaw Constructions.

November 14: Mr Marvin Baryaruha, then the legal counsel of UNRA, writes back giving green light to the signing.

January 28: UNRA deposits Sh24.7b to Eutaw’s account in Housing Finance Bank.

February 17: IGG writes to UNRA questioning the contract.

March 13: CICO deposits Sh500m on Eutaw’s account.

July 2: Eutaw writes to UNRA claiming that they were conned.

July 7: President Museveni commissions the road project in Mukono.

July 9: Secretary to Treasury Keith Muhakanizi writes to IGG to investigate deal.

August 31: The UNRA board suspends Mr Kimeze, Mr Ssemugooma, Mr Baryaruha and Mr Luyimbazi.

What happened to report about Makerere University Awarding 600 Fake Degrees


Prof Mondo Kagonyera the Makerere Chancellor

Makerere University authorities are investigating circumstances under which 600 of the 12,000 students that graduated last month made it to the graduation list without meeting the minimum academic requirements.

Our Snoops have learnt that the 600 students were not cleared by their respective colleges for graduation, due to a number of factors; which include among others, accumulating retakes. As a result, these students bribed their way to the graduation list.

An investigation was instituted by the Deputy Vice Chancellor-Academic Affairs Prof Okello Ogwang after some lecturers complained of not approving students who featured on the final graduation list.

The probe will be looking out for; who handles the results at what level, how examination marks are entered into the system, and the circumstances under which results change.

It is also expected to review the list of cases of irregularities, the list of students who retook courses, students discontinued and those that appealed for remarking, whose requests were granted.

The college principals on the spot include Humanities, Computing and Information Sciences, Engineering, Design, Art and Technology.

The Probe has also put the college of education and external studies on standby for the degree mill that has taken strong root at Uganda’s hitherto best University.

At the time of filing this report, an investigation team headed by Dr. Venny Nakazibwe  was locked up in a meeting at the College of  Humanities and Social Sciences(CHUSS), probing how over 300 students of the college graduated without meeting the minimum requirements.

A number of correspondences, copies of which our reporters have obtained indicate that the Probe Chairperson Dr Nakazibwe has for instance demanded to know from Prof Edward Kirumira, the CHUSS Principal, the circumstances under which the results were altered.

“We need college or school minutes that verified semester II 2013/ 2014 results and the graduation lists as required by senate at its special meeting held in November 2014,” the letter to the head of humanities reads in part.

With much unease, Prof Okello-Ogwang confirmed the scandal. He however said the committee was put up after realizing a need to review how results and exams are conducted.

“I have asked the committee to visit all the colleges and find out the challenges they face such that we come up with the short term, midterm and may be long term way of handling.  We don’t have all the facts, that’s why we have a committee going around,” Prof Okello-Ogwang said.

Another senior don at the university revealed to our snoops on condition of anonymity that many of the results are doctored by secretaries in exchange for hefty bribes. Students part with between Ugx 2 – 4m to have their results altered in order to graduate.

“A college secretary doesn’t earn more than shs 500,000 but it surprises that they drive cars worth over shs 80 million and you wonder where they get all this money.

Posted by RP

Student collapses after missing out on Makerere University Admission list


main buildngA student was rushed to hospital after reportedly collapsing at the senate building, Makerere University last week.

According to an eye witness, a lady who went to the university after the academic registrar released lists of successful students who had applied for admission to the country’s best university; but collapsed when she did not find her name on the admission list.

“At 10:50am last week on Thursday 17th July 2015, we were approached by a lady who wanted to check her name on the notice board, but because the notice boards were congested, she requested us to search for her name online which we couldn’t find. The female student was treated very badly with the unwelcoming news. When she collapsed, we had to rush her to the University hospital for treatment.”

Makerere University last week released the long anticipated admission lists where 17,002 students were admitted for the academic year 2015-2016.

This year’s admission has gone under severe cuts with a reduction in the number of students admitted compared to last academic year’s 21,000.

Meanwhile a big number of students have been addressed this Monday morning by the officials from the academic registrars over the procedure on how to access the admission letters.

Over fifty students stormed senate this morning with complaints on why they were not admitted to the oldest public university when they had all the qualifications.


How Uganda’s Criminal Defamation Laws Deter Investigative Journalism


Story-Based Inquiry, an investigative journalism handbook published by UNESCO, defines investigative journalism as the kind of journalism that involves exposing to the public matters that are concealed–either deliberately by someone in a position of power, or accidentally, behind a chaotic mass of facts and circumstances that obscure understanding. It requires using both secret and open sources and documents.”


Relatedly, the Dutch-Flemish investigative journalism group VVOJ defines investigative reporting simply as “critical and in-depth journalism.” But to do serious and critical journalism in Uganda is still not a free zone for journalists based on the developments that we have seen in the recent past.


The situation has made some journalists withdraw their passion from the sensitive stories for fear of being apprehended. Majority of them have actually resorted to reporting only press conference stories but this denies chance and right to citizens to know what is happening in their governments. Actually some journalists have been put on the red list not to cover certain state functions, which is really absurd.


PEN International Uganda, a local not for profit Organisation but England based charity Organisation that promotes literature and freedom of expression has called on government to repeal laws criminalizing defamation on grounds that the law continues facilitating official secrecy and undermining accountability.

Pansy Tlakula, the chairperson of the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights  and Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Access to Information says the laws are incompatible with the African Charter on Human and People’s rights and that they should be repealed.

“Criminal defamation and insult laws are nearly always used to punish legitimate criticism of powerful people, rather than to protect the right to a reputation,” Tlakula says.

The 2017 report titled; “Stifling Dissent, Impeding Accountability: Criminal Defamation Laws in Africa” shows how the cost of these laws is significant and how they stifle independent comment and political debate denying the public the right to know about stories of national importance and deter investigative journalism.

Hilda Twongyeirwe, the Executive Director FEMRITE – Uganda Women Writers’ Association urges Ugandan Writers and Journalists to join hands to form a Uganda Writers Union that would be charged with collective protection of their rights. She says the report is very important for practitioners to begin the debate on how to influence laws in Uganda.


Ms.Twongyeirwe states that; “These things have been happening. The report is unearthing what has been happening. So now that we have information, that the individual stories are no longer individual stories, I think that is a trigger that should get all of us on our toes and act, yes everybody wants to be safe, we have families, friends and relatives but at the same time, it becomes so disempowering when somebody dries to silence our voices.”

Dr. Danson Sylvester Kahyana PEN Uganda Chapter President says they are now focusing on sensitizing the public and practitioners about the effect of defamation laws on the quality service delivery and in turn the quality of lives.


Dr. Danson Sylvester Kahyana

Dr. Kahyana, who is also a lecturer in the Literature Department at Makerere University, urges citizens to support journalists in the cause of informing and disseminating information and to stand with them in times when they face such challenges.

He also appeals to journalists and practitioners to quickly identify with several human rights organizations which could help them once they land in such troubles resulting from storytelling.

“The biggest challenge I think is ignorance, people do not know about defamation. Even writers don’t know anything about defamation, they hear about it the day they are being arrested. And that is the biggest challenge. That is why through our work we want to ensure many people are empowered. And people should know that being prosecuted doesn’t not mean that you are guilty because writers and journalists write these stories not on their behalf but on behalf of the population,” Dr. Kahyana.

Criminal defamation laws can be traced in the 1950 Penal Code Act. Specifically articles 179-186 clearly set out the law on criminal defamation.

Article 179 defines libel as unlawful publication of any ‘defamatory matter’ with intent to defame another person, while Article 180 defines ‘defamatory matter’ as that likely to injure the person’s reputation by exposing them to hatred, contempt or ridicule.

The article protects the reputation of the dead as well as the living, although no prosecutions for alleged defamation of people who are deceased proceed without approval of the Director of Public Prosecutions.

These laws were used to prosecute two Sunday Monitor journalists, senior reporter, Angelo Izama, and Editor, Henry Ochieng, in connection with an article published in December 2009 that drew similarities between Uganda government under President Museveni and the former regime of Ferdinand Marcos in Philippines.

The two journalists were later acquitted in December 2012, by which time they had spent almost three years facing trial and threat of imprisonment for their peaceful criticism of the government.

Ronald Nahabwe, former Red Pepper Journalist who was charged with criminal defamation and later acquited.

In another notable case, authorities in Uganda arrested four journalists and charged them with criminal defamation in August 2015.  All the four- Madinah Nalwanga and Patrick Tumwesigye of the Vision Group, and Benon Tugumisirize and Ronald Nahabwe of the Red Pepper newspaper were criminally accused of defaming two Kampala businessmen in stories about a land ownership dispute.

They were granted bail but it was set at two million shillings each; while the Vision Group met this for their journalists, Red Pepper spent five days in Luzira prison before bail was paid.

Benon Tugumisirize another journalist who was charged using criminal defamation laws and later acquitted.

Trial proceedings against the four journalists, and a fifth person who had acted as their source of information, continued for more than a year before Buganda Road Chief Magistrate acquitted them of all charges in March 2017.

The fifth accused was however convicted was found to have provided journalists with information false information concerning the two businessmen with whom he was in dispute which they subsequently published.

According to the report, almost half of the 38 writers and journalists from 22 African countries who responded to the survey conducted by PEN and University of Witwatersrand on the impact of Criminal defamation and insult laws  indicated that the use of these laws inhibit them in practicing their professions.

Due to fear of prosecution under criminal defamation and or insult legislations, 16 of the respondents avoided writing stories at some point. For those that avoided writing stories oft would be on topics such as corruption, crime and politics.

“By fencing in the media in this way, criminal defamation laws deter investigative journalism and the exposure of corruption and other wrong doing by state officials and undermine media’s capacity to perform its acknowledged role as a critical watchdog of the public interest,” report.

Adding that; “They (criminal defamation laws) endanger media self-censorship and contribute to a climate of official inviolability, secrecy and unaccountability in which corruption, arbitrary unlawfulness and human rights violations may flourish.”

The report recommended that decriminalizing defamation would assuredly serve the public interest by freeing journalists to investigate and report on key political issues and personalities without constant threat of criminal prosecution as it would help ensure greater government accountability and enhancing democracy.

PEN International and PEN Uganda urges the government to promptly repeal Penal Code articles 39 and 40 on sedition which the Constitutional Court ruled in 2010 breached the constitution.

And subsequently repeal the Penal Code provisions criminalizing defamation and the publication of false news specifically articles 50, 53, and 179-186 and that the state ensures that truth is available as a complete defense to defamation.

PEN Uganda also wants amendments to laws that infringe on the exercise of the right to freedom of expression including the 2010 Interception of Communications Act and the 2011 Computer Misuse Act to ensure their full conformity with Uganda’s obligations under the African Charter and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR).

They also want government to immediately and unconditionally release anyone detained or imprisoned on criminal defamation charges and drop all prosecutions on such charges.

Media owners, publishers, editors and journalist associations and practitioners have been urged to support, strengthen and comply with the code of ethics promulgated by the independent media council, train their journalists and provide adequate legal, financial and professional support to employees facing criminal defamation charges.

Well Said SK, I am joining to support the Textile Industry too

IT’S been a couple of weeks of me ranting about AGOA (Africa Growth Opportunities Act) and the awkwardness of the situation surrounding textiles made in Africa being stopped from entering the United States under a commercial arrangement that benefits the Africans. I am clearly not done with this yet but providence has stepped forward, dressed […]

via black panther: another growth opportunity for african textiles – made in wakanda! — scare-a-hero

Let us Sell Patients, Inmates and raise Salaries for Medics, Prosecutors


One of the patients at Mulago Hospital lying on the hospital floor during the health workers strike.

For preventing patients in the country’s public hospitals and health Centers and various citizens rotting in jails as a result of state prosecutors strike, judicial officers, and poor investigations by police due to limited funding, I present a proposal which I think once adopted, these inmates and patients can be made beneficial to the public once we are serious about increasing our revenues as a country.


You colleagues, it becomes a catch 22 situation for them (health workers) when you walk through a hospital corridor and your ears pick cries of patients, unattended to, either because the doctor patient ratios are not matching, or the health workers are demotivated simply because they are thinking of how to get school fees for their children or even pay rent for the next month and there is a long queue of people to attend to.


Same situation for a Kampala woman, seller of menvu (Yellows) on the street of Kampala for a living. She is heavy and ready to deliver her third child and expects to receive first class attention from a national hospital like Mulago to be able to deliver. She has run out funds because when she gave menvu to her 9-year old daughter to sell in town, a highly paid, and merciless confiscated them. (I am told the lowest paid person in this high end part of the country, which is a tea girl, earns sh1.1m per month and of course her boss earning about sh43.7million. This is about 39.7 times her salary.


Nevertheless, that is not important; the doctor tasks this menvu woman to buy gloves in hospital because apparently they are out of stock. Unfortunately she does not have it at the moment, perhaps her only hope was menvu which is already being enjoyed by the ‘Kampala Yellow boys’. She delivers on the floor and that is when she gets attended to by an intern doctor who buys emergency gloves out of her upkeep.


Suddenly, another innocent soul has been maliciously detained for weeks, he is a sole bread winner at home from his motorcycle business and his pregnant woman is yet to deliver. But he is not there to provide because he is incarcerated. He of course cannot be brought to court because the prosecutors insist they want their payments enhanced. Word from corridors, even the nurses on go-slow-strike, of course there is no money to fulfill their demands, unless their need for money is to consult patients on Age limit, funding should be prompt.


Ladies and gentlemen, you will agree with me that all this chaos from sections of workers is disturbing the peace of our caretakers and indeed present an appalling state of the pearl of Africa, a very great additional grievance; and therefore whoever could find out a fair, cheap and economically viable method of making these patients, pregnant mothers, people on remand sound and useful Members of the society would deserve so well of the country, as to have his Statue set up for a preserver of the Nation.


Uganda Minister of Health Dr. Jane Ruth Aceng issuing a statement to all health workers resume work immediately lest they get fired.

Having turned my thoughts for many nights, up on this very important issue in the country, i think there is a way to help them so that they stop being a burden to not only their families but also the government of Uganda which is looking forward to a middle income status.


Think of it colleagues, if we as a country decided to sell off all patients currently in public hospitals, all prisoners who are yet to know their fate and several other consumers of salaried compromised services for one financial year, we would raise a lot of funds to run our health facilities until we start producing, his oil.


Assuming that we have roughly 10,000 patients per day, in public hospitals across the country multiplied by a cost of a slave in West Africa which $400 according to International Organization for Migration, approximately UGX. 1.4million, the country would be getting a total of 14.2billion shillings per day. This means that all patients would generate 428billion per month and 5.1 trillion shillings (about USD1.4bn).


Of course even though our human beings maybe sick, their value is more than those of Libya because they feed well here, and are battle hardened.


He is another perspective, the Uganda Prison services. They currently have about 55,000 inmates, with capacity of 20,000 people. Every day, court remands, sentences between 600-700 inmates while about 500 people are discharged every day from prisons. With the prosecutors strike, it means several are still stuck in the cells and cannot be released. This number is just subject to debate. I have not considered the number of those detained at various police cells across the country.

Patongo prison in Uganda Internet Photo


Ladies and gentlemen, this is another opportunity to where we can strategically benefit from the current market in Libya of human beings. The cost of one human being alone can satisfy a state prosecutor who is currently earning a gross of Shs644, 963 a month, and we will be good to go.


From simple mathematics, if for instance we have 55,000 inmates, each one would earn us 1.4million shillings and we would have in total Sh.78.5billion shillings for one sell off. Based on our inflows, there will still be prisoners coming in. So there are no worries about completely emptying the cells and we fail to have laborers in our cotton farms. Once we have these billions, judicial officers and prosecutors will have a pay rise as desired. The rest of the money we can invest in providing procuring chauffeur-driven cars for judicial officers and prosecutors.


 I profess that with this surging population with its growth at 3.3% per annum – 2002-2014, we are assured of stable supply of human beings for sale since their health is not guaranteed. Statistics project that we will have 45.8m people in 2020, 53.5million in 2025 and 61.9m in 2030.


And by the way, with this kind of growing population, we can’t afford to have threats from the unpatriotic citizens with insatiable appetite for remuneration. I applaud the move by government to hire mercenaries (Cuba doctors) in order to lay off youthful Ugandan health workers especially those under Uganda Medical Association (UMA). Once the trade is on, we will use a few dollars to clear off Cuba doctors, ensure stable supplies in hospitals of drugs among others.

A Public University Professor’s View on Presidential Age-Limit

President Yoweri Kaguta Museveni addresses the congregation after his conferment on December 12, 2010


I have been reading Joachim Buwembo’s How to be a UGANDAN and while reading how to be a professor, it got me thinking what is the status of a University Professor in the presidential Age Limit Debate.


Joachim Buwembo alludes a reknowned Ugandan writer Okot p’Bitek’s question at Makerere University Main Hall in 1981 during a public Lecture.

“What use is a professor who has nothing to profess?” Okot demanded angrily while delivering a public lecture in a filled-to-overflowing main hall. But the professors were not in the audience to answer his question. They were busy elsewhere in the city, looking for money in different non-intellectual pursuits in order to make our personal budgets balance.

A couple of years after Okot’s public lecture, another Ugandan colleague of ours who tried to profess was stripped of his citizenship. Prof. Mahmood Mamdani had tried to tried too early to exercise his intellectual freedom and the government was not amused. As smartly put by Buwembo, in the seventies, many of our colleagues had paid with their lives for expressing their opinions freely. Prof. Ali Mazrui (born Kenyan but intellectually matured at Makerere) fled Kampala before the dictators exacted the ultimate price from them.

The Author indicates that by mid-seventies, the intellectual desertification of Makerere University was almost complete. Arguing that those who remained in the country were bound to have their mouths shut lest they be eliminated.

He indicates that the relationship between Amin’s Authoritarian regime and Makerere University has soured and in order to mend it, the university awarded an Honorary Doctorate of Laws and from then they started addressing him as Dr. Amin, a title he loved so much that prompted him to pay a visit to his “fellow” doctors at the teaching hospital of Mulago.

Once the staff meeting got under way, he asked the Minister of Health, who was a layman, to step out so that only “Doctors” remained in the room to discuss their own matters freely. “Fellow Doctors,” he began his address.

By the middle of seventies, the author says they had come to believe that a dead professor was no dead. For those who remained in the country, they exhibited two rules to survive.

Rule number one was to shut your mouth; someone could be tempted to feed you with a bullet. However provocative or interesting way a discussion that came up in your presence, you had to keep quiet and avoid provoking the state’s self-styled surgeons who had become obsessed with separating people’s heads from their necks.

Rule number two was to stick to what is already written and published. As long as you were teaching, you had to avoid sounding original and only quote the over-quoted scholars of yesteryear. For fear of state secret agents who infested lecturer rooms to report in case of teaching subversive ideas!

Professors resorted to part-time teaching in Kampala High Schools, taxi businesses, shop-keeping, chicken rearing, etc. in order to survive the gun rule and its economic pangs.

The author argues that post-1986 Uganda, university professors were ushered in good times. Despite the spate of strikes over their wages as highlighted in Prof. Mamdani’s Scholars in a Market Place, thirty years later, Professors salaries have been enhanced and to the commitment of country’s sole candidate and the all visionary leader, a professor will be earning Shs.15million by 2020.

There is no wonder however that could be a sign of another good turn since Makerere has been clear at positioning itself to the president. And indeed, on December 12, 2010, His Excellency Yoweri Kaguta Museveni was awarded Honorary Doctor of Laws (Honoris Causa) of Makerere University for his exceptional and significant contributions nationally and internationally for the development of humanity.

The orator at the event Professor Elly N. Sabiiti categorically stated that Museveni was able to relate effectively with the University in addressing institutional aspirations and concerns. And that he supports and sustains scholarly activity at Makerere University with the capacity to help Makerere University reposition itself and continue to have influence nationally and internationally.“Therefore, we in Makerere University are delighted to recognize and honour him. This is a measure of how proud we are of H.E Yoweri Kaguta’s Museveni exceptional achievements and this bears testimony to the high regard in which he is held by all who know him,” Prof. Sabiiti said.

After the successful staff woes, the lecturers in public universities seem contented with the current political leadership. Indeed in 2013, a professor at Makerere was earning Shs 3.1m. By 2016, this increased to 8.04m – a 159% increase over three years. President Museveni insists that this should be enhanced up to Shs15million. A professor’s prayer currently would be that the Members of Parliament consider the bill carefully so that the old man keeps the taps dripping in their pockets open.



A Letter to the Inventor

Tales of the Thoughtless MIND

There comes a time when you discover that you are a child. You will always be a child to someone. Yes, the way your parents treat you when you become an adult is different. The way they treat you when you graduate from university is also different. And that moment you become married totally changes how the parents see you. But in truth whereas they will treat you differently, you will always be their baby.

I can speak from personal experience. Among most of my family I am commonly referred to as baby. I have told them countless times that I am no longer a baby. Would a baby be able to produce countless words in the form of a blog? Anyway, to cut the long story short, my family, most especially my mother and older sisters have clearly stated that to them I will always be their baby.


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Hon Kabafunzaki, the People of Rwamucucu Stand with you

Yesterday, some “ungrateful” Ugandans protested our investors in Nakasero for hawking. Ungrateful because they never know the role of our modern investors especially on the road to the middle income status, the protest got me thinking who is qualified to hawk and who is not. All citizens must agree that if we are all of us going to deliver our country to the middle income status, we need to allow hawking investors to teach us how to do business on the streets of Kampala. Perhaps that is how they succeeded.

My boda boda chap, called Ssalongo, this time around is from one of the lucrative centers in Katanga has his origins in the Kigezi region in the south western part of the country. My contract with him is to take me to Nakasero, it was just a tip off by a tweep that downtown hardware traders had had their tempers flare. Along the way our conversation is largely a fortune of being a Ugandan minister. Ssalongo says he is proud of the embattled State Minister for Labor, Employment and Industrial Relations Hon. Herbert Kabafunzaki for his brevity. “We Bakiga never settle for less,” he says. Adding that; “Kabafunzaki was working for his voters.”

I therefore stand with Bakiga and the Rwamucucu people in particular to congratulate Hon. Herbert Kabafunzaki upon a heroic move to direct an investor. Those who think we can reach the middle income status without investors must be guided.   Just in case someone feels offended as you are trying to look for salt and school fees for your children, we think those “little faults” are everywhere. There isn’t a man living who has got no peccadilloes: Heaven made him so, let those free-thinkers say what they like. Atakikolangako akasuke ejinja. Nyabirerema, Nyakasiru, Karorwa, Kyogo, Kibanda, Rutengye people still love you. They content you were setup. Just because it was not in billions, that is why you’re being gagged. It should have been more than that at least for we know the number of road blocks , security checks that one must brave to statehouse.

Hon. Kabafunzaki Herbert. Cartoon by Chris Ogon/ Daily Monitor

I associate myself with the people of Mparo village, Rwamucucu Sub-County in Kabale District where you are born. I also stand with the voters of Rukiga County upon your breakthrough as a first timer, minister. We congratulate you upon following the script. When you were appointed, as voters of Rukiga expect, you should be have a mansion. You should construct malls in all growing towns and you should have land all these are the social needs. It is your turn to “eat” why should people think you are not entitled to eating yet you’re meagerly paid.


We know you were set up by some unpatriotic Ugandans. Those who don’t know how hard it is to meet the president, are heckling and rubbishing your transport refund/ facilitation to lead the investor to the president. The same shameless people go around telling your voters that you are greedy. As if they don’t know how hard it is to reach the president. Forgive them for they don’t know what they are talking about.

You have made the people of Rwamucucu proud of you. Who knew a village called Rwamucucu, thank you for joining the league of hard workers! We no doubt have always known you for being a selfless, God fearing man. Who knows whether the 5million shillings were meant to construct a local church in Nyakagabagaba.

Your voters shall indeed give you another Kisanja for being a good representative. What if you were courting the Aya brothers to fund the Rwamucucu pads for girls’ campagn? We know government has said lately that it has no money to buy sanitary pads for the little school going kids.

We are sorry that your gracefulness has been taken for granted. Maybe the His Excellency could have given you a handshake for cleaning the investors’ name. Blame your love for ‘investors’ to create a good environment for our beloved investors so that when they are investing in hawking pipes, tiles and making chapatti they can “feel at home”.

We ‘sober’ Ugandans indeed stand with you, just like social media fans have vehemently stood with Maama Stella in Luzira. Those freethinkers don’t know that in the East African region you are one of the poorest paid as members of parliament. Who said that a country preparing for middle income status needs a state minister who only earns a monthly pay of just Shs25 million?

We the tax payers know you received a one off car grant of Shs103 million, but we fell and think that is just peanuts. And by the way, for those hecklers, do they know how much fuel you spend to check on your loyal voters in the hilly Rukiga County with impassable roads? Maybe they think only Shs4.5 million; mileage facilitation is enough for a minister of Kabafunzaki caliber? Why should Ugandans think that the Shs3.2 million you receive every month as constituency facilitation is enough for all your voters? You have to give back to community, to thank them for making you closer to the national cake.
Hon. Minister, there were rumors in corridors that you don’t pay taxes as MPs. Let those hecklers, and unpatriotic Ugandans know that you receive only Shs2.6 million as your monthly taxable salary. And that you have never defaulted paying taxes. Of all the people you have to take care of, why would anyone think that your subsistence allowance which is just about Shs1 million is enough. Does anyone know how important a honorable member is, we know members of parliament among other things is lobby for your voters. Why would they think that only Shs50, 000 per sitting in a parliamentary committee where you put your valuable time would be enough? They don’t know that just by spending that committee time where you will only earn 50,000, you can fruitfully use it to meet an investor, of Aya’s caliber and pocket 5million just in a flash of a second. They don’t know that even if you add the plenary sitting allowances of 50, ooo per sitting, you will have to wait for a year to raise the money like what Aya is presenting.
Shs9 million per month for Social Security Benefits is not enough. Any serious hard-working gentleman like you will have to dine with investors to see how to improve on your security benefits; voters commend you for the brevity. Can you imagine someone thinks a minister only can require just about Shs1 million as town running allowance. Don’t they know the traffic jam experience and the hefty fees boda boda riders charge one especially if they know you are honorable? How mean can we Ugandans be? If Paul Ojambo of URA can be given Shs29.5million to photocopy and work beyond 5 o’clock in the famous 6bn handshake, why not 5million for a minister to direct an investor to statehouse?
When you go to Rwamucucu, you must indeed appear like a honorable member. While you are given wardrobe advance (loan) of up to Shs50 million why wait for the money to accumulate a lot of interest yet some investors can help fundraise for you to settle the debts? They say you were given a free iPad costing Shs2.6 million, does of those critics know the maintenance cost of an iPad? How many Ugandans have seen an iPad? If people in Rukiga county must spend hefty sums of money on phone charging deep down in Omwineero or in Buchundura because of lack of electricity, how about when their honorable member is home? Do they expect you not to have power banks that can help the people Nozi when you go to visit them?
Indeed it must be the opposition FDC that set you up in a hotel to soil your relationship with mzee. They want him to forget how you strategically sought for Mzee’s 2021 support at Kamwezi in Rukiga County. We stand with you in all situations.


Are Sanitary Pads a magic bullet to Good Performance in UPE?

31 years and counting, the NRM government critics think distribution of free sanitary pads to school going pupils is the best stop-gap measure to improve the quality of UPE schools.

The Hakuna Mchezo government led by Gen. Museveni is yet to fulfill its campaign promise of sanitary pads for school going adolescents. But is it the best thing government can promise its populace?

Are pads the only tested stop-gap measures to improve the quality of education and perhaps the performance of our children in lower learning levels? I think both the led and the leaders’ one of them are misleading the other.

Let us forget the food flask issue. I remember in my early school life, we would take food (mawolo) to school for lunch. This would be either packed in banana leaves (enshandiiko) and banana fibres. It would only be kids from well-to-do families that would pack food in buckets. Whenever it would reach lunch time, we would all gather and we start eating (entanda) and we never complained of whether food was bad or what. And we passed. Who has made some people’s brains to stop thinking today?

Let us not lose sight of the fact that before the NRM came to power and perhaps before 2016, young girls were going to school. Was it a crime to experience periods? No, and is it a responsibility of government to regard it as a disability and that whoever undergoes such must be given free things courtesy on my taxes?

I think this pads revolution of holding government at ransom is acting like headless chickens. This doesn’t make sense at all. We surely need a population which can pressurize government on serious things that help improve the education sector. Pads will not put grades, pads will not pay teachers salaries, and pads will not buy chalk in school.

A study by UNICEF indicate that one in ten menstruating girls skip school for 4 to 5 days out of every 28 day cycle or drops out completely. About 23% of adolescents between ages of 12-18 drop out after they begin menstruating. A study carried out by the Netherlands Development Association in seven districts in Uganda revealed that girls miss 10% of school days due to menstruation. This is associated with the humiliation that comes with menstruation experienced by adolescents either for the first time and or failure by the parents to improvise for their children.

But who said that is government’s responsibility to provide everything? Where is a parent in the education of their children? Critics such as Nyanzi, Gashumba have been heckling over failure by government to prioritize sanitary pads; Gashumba Frank is on record bashing government move to provide free condoms and failing to provide for menstruation.

Did females go to school before the 1980s when the pad phenomenon became pronounced in the country? If yes, what did they use? Why would someone hold government at ransom to provide something that generations and generations have existed without them? Who is dying because they have no pads? If they are a priority, why wouldn’t anyone of you make noise so government can fund youth with projects such as MakPads and many other locally produced pads so as they can be supplied to schools freely. If government has failed to fully equip schools with textbooks, chalkboards, good classrooms, why would one want government to now focus on secondary issues such as pads? Would it help improve the quality of education? It is one thing to be a 1980 born but if in 201, a person still thinks like that, and then they must be misplaced. It is not just a matter of opening your mouths fwaa. Just think. How did our parents survive?

Last week, I happened to cover a two-day 1st National Conference on learning outcomes in Uganda in 2017 held at Kyambogo University. The conference was sponsored by Twaweza East Africa and attracted over one hundred educationists from within the country and abroad.

The backdrop for the conference was the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), particularly SDG4 around education. Uganda fell short of meeting a number of previous global development goals including education.

AFRIpads is a local social enterprise organisation and Plan Australia partner that makes and supplies affordable and reusable sanitary pads. Based in Kitengesa Village in Masaka District, SW Uganda, the aim of AFRIpads is to curtail the high rates of menstrual-related absenteeism among primary and secondary schoolgirls in rural Africa. The pads are made by local Ugandan women giving them the opportunity to generate an income and send their children to school.
Many women and girls in Uganda cannot afford or lack the knowledge to effectively manage their periods and do not have access to proper menstrual products. This Plan Australia project is helping communities to understand reproductive health and is giving women and girls access to affordable and hygienic sanitary pads.

Participants at the conference attributed these failures to a number of educational challenges including poor governance and a deep lack of accountability, under-resourced environments and unmotivated teachers, and gender norms.

These educationists were concerned that the country should rethink its approach towards education sector. They want learning outcomes to be a measure of progress for Uganda’s education not just adhoc interventions such as offering lunch to kids, free sanitary pads to kids etc.

Previously, global demands and commitments to reforms in education exerted pressure on African governments to address challenges related to access, quality and learning outcomes. In Uganda, commitments to Education For All (EFA) yielded the current enrollment of 8,264,000 children compared to 5,303,564 about two decades ago when Universal Primary Education was introduced.

As focus was placed on addressing education challenges including shortage of teachers, classrooms, and instructional materials, slow progress was made in realizing EFA goals 2 (which as ensuring that by 2015, all children have access and complete free and compulsory primary education of good quality), eliminating gender disparities in primary and secondary education by 2015 and improving all aspects of the quality of education and ensuring measurable learning outcomes are achieved by all however, these challenges still persist especially exhibited in the quality of the graduates of the pupils as seen from the learning outcomes.

Piloya Caroline displays a sanitary pad she handmade at Awere Primary School, Uganda, as part of a project aimed to help keep girls in school. [Edward Echwalu Photography] Global Village

For a new reader, the UPE concept was popularized by African Leaders at a conference for African Minister of Education in Addis Ababa in 1961. The conferees proclaimed that access to education was not only a fundamental right but was also Africa’s most urgent and vital need. By 1980, this universal, compulsory, “free” primary education had spread the whole continent. In Uganda due to several insecurities at the time it would later begin in early 1990s.

The moral issues surrounding UPE initiative in Uganda concerned its contribution to social equity in a society in which unequal access to education had been a major source of social differentiation.

Right from the start, government stopped schools from collecting some money at schools to cater for a few basics as the school awaits government subvention. At first, parents were willing to participate willingly both materially and financially in their children’s education since they believed education was important for the child’s future, to parents and to the community and the country as a whole. Because the government interests and parents’ interests had remained unresolved by the introduction of UPE especially with government wanting to take full control of schools, there emerged a conflict over quantity Vs Quality.

The concept of “free education” has considerably grown and is affecting the quality of our graduates. Indeed Prof. Patrick Loch Otieno Lumumba of Kenya has at some point wondered whether this free educations is indeed “free of knowledge”. Parents neglected their duties and since it was presumed compulsory, all parents would do was send their children to school to live at the mercy of teachers who are ill-motivated with majority in addition to earning meager remunerations and poor or no housing at all.

Uwezo Report 2016

It is common knowledge that majority of graduates are languishing on the streets with no employment. Despite Uganda’s huge unemployed labor force, the Ugandan economy still has a big shortage of appropriately skilled workers   which means that the education system has failed to tailor its outputs to the needs of the economy. Can we then now focus on readjusting the university programs to ensure skilled and well-tailored graduates are produced?

While some loud-mouthed humans think pads are the magic bullet to put right the education system in Uganda, I think they are misleading government on what should come as a priority in a country which struggling to take off.

It is indeed shameful to find a person who can afford to take their children to Kampala Parents, to Green Valley schools etc where fees is more than University tuition at Makerere to start demanding for pads from government instead of things that can help the country prosper. What if one asked government to ensure better trained teachers at the schools and demand performance rather than asking for a pad?

To this, I would propose that once government can focus on ensuring that infrastructure in schools are available, teachers are adequately trained and well motivated to meet the needs of children, parent are sensitized to ensure they equip their children with the basic requirements to aid them school well and then government on top of thorough supervision ensures that its subvention comes in time, then we can improve the quality.

During the 23rd Education and Sports sector review of 2016 at Golf course Hotel in Kampala, the Education Minister Janet Kataaha Museveni communicated the proposed action points for primary education. They included a policy to review pre-primary and primary education sub sector, nationwide campaign to promote school feeding, salary enhancement for primary school teachers and to have a UPE school in every parish.

The minister acknowledged the disconnect between the Ministry of Education and the families of pupils on point of feeding the children at school. She mentioned that the Ministry was set to undertake a nationwide awareness creation campaign on the role of parents in educating their children which included the responsibility of parents feeding the children as the education policy demands in the education Act 2008. I don’t know if it says that government shall provide pads to pupils.

I solmnely think that Sanitary Pads Not Worth my Tax

Making Sense of Makerere Guild Elections

Makerere Students went to polls on Friday April 7. By all accounts, Makerere is the best and perhaps largest university in Uganda and in the region. The election came after a two-week long campaign period and watching the process, more lessons are to be learnt.

Stick welding students clad in T-Shirts with labels GGB (Gongom Guard Brigade) this inscription means they are from Lumumba, one of the halls on the university. This is a security make up of the hall. every hall has this

Campus politics is of course somewhat different from the national elections and so to juxtapose the two maybe mistaking an elephant grass for sugarcane. Thought within universities, politics is played in different ways but the general characteristic of the polls especially in our higher institutions is extortion, academic mediocrity hence poor prospects of National leadership. While politics in such institutions should be basis for criticizing what is wrong in the country, it seems from the look of things, the reverse is true.

For purposes of clarity, I begin with the electoral process with the choosing of the electoral commission. Immediately campaigns commence, everyday, at least there is a rally in one of the halls of students’ residence on campus. After every procession, I go undercover trailing each of the candidates in a procession to make some observations and perhaps see what happens in these processions and where they go there after.

One of the student supporters wearing a mask at Makerere during the guild elections. PHOTO BY OKELLO HERBERT ANDREW

Majority of candidates have organized camps that base in their halls. Some have a reinforcement of former students and or hired mercenaries who will later mobilize crowds, make posters and pin them all over. Some take a surveillance role to see if the candidates’ posters are safe/ have not been torn by opponents.  Every day of a rally, one camp mobilized several students who converge in a hall that a particular candidate resides. Boxes with dozens of tot-pack waragi are distributed to the lucky few as motivation to charge for the rally.

Police begging students to remain calm at one of the rallies in Livingstone Hall

One of the most vivid campaign processions was of Mercy Faith Lakisa a UYD independent leaning Candidate. After a rally at Marystuart, the procession exits from the main gate to Wandegeya round about, Katanga slum, Kikumi-Kikumi, then to Kikoni and then back to campus climaxing at Africa Hall. While at the Marystuart rally, the atmosphere is raucous, students strolled into the box grounds others filling the staircase to the hall road as the occupants of the largest female hall on campus the “ladies” fondly referred to as “boxers” watch the proceedings from their room galleries, while others from the tower windows, openings in their dome-shaped spectacular Mary Stuart hall, a hall with the shadows of the past glory.

Next to the contestants set of chairs lay a table that sat young beautiful looking ladies with serious and busy faces dressed in Gomesi, others SCR members sitting around them in red gowns led by the culture minister. The boxes that sat in front of the tables were wrapped with white papers labeled “Elders Box” standing emphatically bigger than the rest and with an inscription, “No coins allowed” candidates are instructed to drop between 10,000 and beyond to receive blessings from elders. Table occupants keep looking at the candidates with great anticipation.

Paul Kato together with Simon Wanyera being carried during the final guild rally on Thursday this week at Makerere University.

Within the procession, a get to learn that Lakisa is a 3rd year Dental Surgery student from Africa Hall and an old girl of Gayaza High School who had lost in UYD primaries after attaining 21 against 24 votes of William Karamagi.  The campaigns are full of life with excited young ladies and men some wielding sticks profusely sweating and dancing to the rhythmically deafening noise of sounds from the music system sagging on a canter that walks like a tortoise. Traffic is still at Wandegeya round about as thousands throng the streets. Students proceed to Katanga, a slum in the valley between Mulago and Makerere University hills. This street has attracted several businesses including students’ hostels. While here students carry their heads through the windows if their rooms while others stand at the balcony of the buildings to cheer the candidate. The life, enthuse that comes with excitement on the streets. It sweeps everyone off the street including children who follow the procession with baskets of sweet bananas along.

Lakisa is to later garner a total of 1,567 followed by William Karamagi a UYD flag bearer who got 1,041. In total, 13,508 votes were cast with 423 invalid votes, Paul Kato emerges victor after he swept the polls with 5205 votes drawing the largest number of votes from his school, School of Education. His nearest challenger, Abdu Kareem Ziritwaula managed 4,369 votes.
The tightly contested race saw the usual candidates posters going up buildings , tree branches, and electricity poles all over the university and the neighboring suburbs of Nakulabye, Kikoni, Wandegeya and Kikumi-kikumi amid deafening, dancing and drumming by the swarms of rowdy students clad in their chilly-red undergraduate gowns.

Kato Paul, Guild President Elect, Photo by Kizza Ali

This year’s was a tense campaign. Just a day students went to the polls, police made orders that no politicians were to be entertained at the students’ rallies. Before the orders could sink into the students, Col. Kizza Besigye, the Forum for Democratic Change –FDC strong man had already  sneaked in the university accessing it through one of the dozens of illegal entrances and later be disguised in a Prado belonging to a one Doreen Nyanjura. Presence of the Police at the entrances busing themselves with searching each and every car to rid of any sort of cockroaches in case it disguised as Besigye will later look silly on realizing the man they are looking for is already inseparable with the students.

Students retreat to taking cover after shots as police exited Besigye from Makerere Guild Polls. PHOTO: OKELLO HERBERT ANDREW

Stones flying in the air will later exchange with bullets teargas and spray in the clash leading to car glass breakages as well as students and policemen sustaining injuries from the pelting stones. This just like the previous elections has been fused with national politics driven by money, oratory and later a fair amount of shallowness exhibited by not following issues but rather following the comic, the funny candidate. Candidates with funny and heavy vocabulary will be considered darlings. Most eye-catching in this election are slogans such as kowtow in their poohoo, tang tang buu nuguu among others.

A polling registrar displaying a ballot paper during the tallying process at Faculty of Arts

A student lies on ground after being overpowered by booze during the campaigns

Makerere campaigns just like national politics are full of mudslinging (usually called chemical), humor especially with emotions that are carried n the faces of the supporters, wacky ideas and then those campaign strategies such as one-o- one and door-to-door strategy as employed by one of the independent candidates James Kazungu who eventually garner a whooping on vote out of the 13,508 ballots cast that has buried him to criticism and ridicule.

We congratulate Kato Paul upon fighting for his share and we wish him a good time in budgeting for his 210millions. GRCs can afford to appease him in any way to attain ministries.

Why Uganda Cannot Dismiss Hand Hoes in Agriculture

As we head for Women’s Day tomorrow, I was thinking hard about the reality of our Ugandan women activists and i am not taking it it. I am rather still defiant.

My senior colleague Wambi Michael writes a story where the Uganda Women’s Network Executive Director, Rita Aciro Lakor said it is an embarrassment that hand hoe is still encouraged as a preferred tool in agriculture at a time when other countries are mechanizing agriculture.

The female activists actually propose that the use of hand hoes should be discouraged by government due to related implications such as low production, pains such as spinal pains among many others.

However, let me for now object to their views. First forward, several studies done on Agriculture in Uganda indicate that 99.4% smallholder farmers in Uganda use traditional, rudimentary and obsolete technologies and methodologies for pre and post-harvest operations.

Here, we’re talking about the 70% labor force in the country, people who are only doing agriculture to help sustain the country. If you went to markets in Uganda and see the various fresh products in Uganda being brought from gardens accross the various parts of the country, one must first of all thank the great men and women who toil to plant seeds in the soil to feed the entire populace. Hilda guide me where I go wrong this is your area.

Maybe for now, Ugandans are not yet ready for tractors. During the recent presidential elections (John Blanshe M) please remind me isnt it the time Mzee Museveni Kaguta promised to distribute over 18million hand hoes to distribute them to locals to enhance agriculture.

Whereas the activists might be having a point in that we need to now embrace mechanized agriculture for higher outputs, I think it is rather treacherous to advise that hand hoes should be banished. I have grown in a village where you must get a hoe and dig in order to secure food both for sell and and for home consumption.

We must first appreciate that given the population rise in Uganda, there has been pressure created on our land and most of the parts of the country especially in Western Uganda have been fragmented. Considering that mechanised agriculture requires land with good terrain, it might not be good advice to people to abandon hoes.

Especially following the recent reports on hunger crisis in the country, many people today either have been affected by the climate changes which has affected food production but this has also been due to unguided settlements and encroachments where people have for-instance encroached water catchment areas, forests depleted every natural resource at the expense of the climate.

A group of Abahingi women (subsistence farmers) from the village of Mirindi, Nangara clearing the land to plant beans.

We must all appreciate the fact that we need serious agriculture and a mechanized one for that matter but we cannot abandon the rudimentary tools when we do not have capacity as a country to establish agricultural farms to be able to produce for the ever growing population as a country. We need a strategy and I think we should be making noise to interest government on the need to do modern agriculture since like it is argued that our rudimentary modes of agriculture are not productive.

With this unpredictable climate change, government needs to strategically adopt some strategies of ensuring there is massive food production of food in the country. At the end of the day someone will not praise you for bringing piece when their children have slept on an empty stomach.

My friend and senior comrade Edgar Muvunyi Tabaro recently pondered on why China at this day age was donating the yellow rice to Uganda yet in a few years ago it used Uganda Used to be a food basket.

Media reports indicate that traders travel from as far as Rwanda to come to Mbarara and clear posho stocks in shops, Business men have gone an extra mile of paying off farmers in their gardens before even they plant. Mr. Justus Karuhanga let us not only focus on milk and meat production and we have people run out of food but also invest in serious crop agriculture.

The food situation in the country is not the best as many people are reportedly dying of hunger. If we must really have to help our population, we must ensure agriculture is embraced but not only through our traditional agriculture modes but also embracing modern mechanised agriculture which will take time. But there must be will by government.

I wish the passion that the government is running to clamp down kiosks and structures in parkyard market would be the same passion government is using in identifying areas which can accomodate irrigation and so national farms can be established.

One wonders that although Uganda is endowed with fertile soils and favourable climate, the major factors that influence agriculture, the country continues to produce at a law scale.